Part 3: Jane Seymour / Anne of Cleves
Sir Nicholas Carew
During Jane Seymour's marriage to Henry, a courtier
named Sir Nicholas Carew took a traditional approach to religion
by fiercely opposing radical reformers such as Thomas Cromwell.
Born in or before 1496, he was the first son of
Sir Richard Carew of Beddington and Matilda, daughter of Sir Robert
Oxenbridge of Ford in Sussex. He had been knighted by July 1520. He
could trace his family back to the time of the Norman Conquest,
although the Carew name had only formed during the reign of King
Carew was expelled from court for a time in 1519
but returned quickly. By the 1530s he was supporting Princess Mary
and was even considered to be useful by Emperor Charles V, the staunch
defender of Catholicism. In the end Carew was executed at Tower Hill
in 1538 or 1539, although the reason for his fall is not clear.
Hailing from Yorkshire, Aske took the position of
attorney at London's Gray's Inn. He also commanded the northern
Catholic uprising, which was known as the Pilgrimage of Grace, in
opposition to Henry VIII's attack on the monasteries.
He was hanged in chains for treason on 12 July 1537,
outside Clifford's Tower, the keep of York Castle. Rather than suffer
a traditional hanging with a sudden drop to break the neck or reduce
the hanging to a few moments, the victim would be lifted off their
feet by the neck and the weight of the chains would slowly suffocate
them over several days.
John III, duke of Cleves
Father of Henry's fourth wife, Anne, the duke of
Cleves was allied to the Lutherans, although he was not a Lutheran