Research released in 2006 seemed to support the
idea of a form of apartheid society in early Anglo-Saxon Britain.
The scientists behind the research believed that
the small migrant population which came from Germany, the Netherlands,
and Denmark established a segregated society when they arrived in
eastern Britain. The researchers thought that the incomers had
changed the local gene pool by using their economic advantage to
out-breed the native population. This may explain the abundance of
Germanic genes in England today (by the standards of research
capabilities and results in 2006).
It had been established that there was a very high
number of Germanic male-line ancestors in modern England's population.
Genetic research had revealed that the country's gene pool contained
between 50% and 100% Germanic Y-chromosomes. But this Anglo-Saxon
genetic dominance puzzled experts because some archaeological and
historical evidence pointed only to a relatively small number of
Estimates ranged between 10,000 and 200,000
Anglo-Saxons migrating into what became England between the fifth
and seventh centuries AD, compared to a native population of about
To understand what may have happened all those years
ago, UK scientists were using computer simulations to model the gene
pool changes that would have occurred with the arrival of such small
numbers of migrants.
The team used historical evidence which suggested
that native Britons were at a substantial economic and social
disadvantage when compared to the Anglo-Saxon settlers. The
researchers believed this may have led to a reproductive imbalance
which gave rise to an ethnic divide. Ancient texts, such as the laws
of Ine, reveal that the life of an Anglo-Saxon was valued more than
that of a native.