Edwin (588-593 in Deira, 616-632 in Deira & Bernicia
Edwin was the son of Aelli, first king of Anglian Deira. After
his father's death, he reigned for nearly five years. Then Aethelfrith of Bernicia claimed
Deira, which gave him control of
all the Northumbrian Angles. He married Acha, a member of the Deiran royal family
and sister of Edwin.
It became too dangerous for Edwin to remain in
Northumbria and he sought protection at the court of Raedwald, King of East
Anglia. Aethelfrith died in a battle near the river Idle in AD 617 while
fighting Raedwald and Edwin. Edwin then took his chance to return and take
the entire Northumbrian kingdom, which was powerful enough to see him
confirmed as Bretwalda.
In 616. Edwin conquered most of British North
Rheged and Ynys Manau
(Isle of Man). The following year he gained more southerly territory with
the defeat of Elmet. By
620 he was beginning the Northumbrian domination of the Lindisware.
In 632 his powerful reign finally came to an end when the alliance of Penda
and Cadwallon, High
King of the British, saw him slain him in
battle on 14th October at Hatfield Chase. (Additional material
contributed by Richard Watson, with thanks.)
Oswiu (Oswy) (642-670)
Oswiu saw the final
union between Bernicia and Deira.
He married Rhiainfelt ferch
Rhoedd of Rheged, thus cementing his
claim to the whole of Northern Britain, much in the fashion of Coel Hen, although whether he
was aware of this is uncertain. Once he had killed Penda of Mercia,
he also had an undisputed claim on the former British Kingdom of Elmet.
His rule ended on 15th February 670.
Son of Oswiu and Eanfled, Ecgfrith ruled from February 670 to 20th May 685.
In 672 he married Ethelreda, daughter of the king of the
East Engle, but she
fled when he tried to consummate the marriage and became an abbess. Ecgfrith was killed by Brude mac Bile of Pictland at the battle of
during an attempted invasion of Pictland.
Osric was the son of Aldfrith, and grandson of Oswiu
(Oswy). Bede, in referring to Osric's reign, says very little, other than noting the
appearance of two comets, presaging calamity to a kingdom, and the deaths of Wihtred of Kent and of the monk Ecgberht at Iona.
Chronicle contains contradictory evidence as to the date of Osric's death, but the
appearance of the comets places it at 729. It seems that he was slain, which may have been
as punishment for the death of the licentious king Osred, in whose murder Osric and his
predecessor Cenred were involved.
Osric has sometimes been identified with Osric, King of the Hwicce, but this has not been generally
accepted. The Hwicce Osric was eventually buried in Gloucester Cathedral.
Oswald (Oswulf) (758)
Oswald succeeded to the throne of Northumbria when his
father abdicated in his favour in 758. Before he had reigned a year he was rather brutally
murdered by the men of his household on 24th or 25th July at a place called Mechil
Wongtune (Market Weighton?) in the East Riding.