Near the site of Herodium, his mother's carriage overturned and
Herod panicked, until he realised that she was only slightly
injured. Shortly thereafter, the Parthians caught up with Herod and
his entourage, but Herod turned the battle around and emerged
At Herodium, Herod built one of the largest royal sites in the
Romano-Hellenic world which served as a residential palace, shelter
and administrative centre, as well as mausoleum.
Herod first raised the level of the hill artificially, making it
visible from Jerusalem, and then built the fortified palace on top,
surrounded by guard towers for use in times of war. At the foot of
the hill, he built a second palace, the size of a small town, known
as the "Lower Herodium," which included many buildings, luxurious
gardens, pools, stables and warehouses.
Herod spared no resources in efforts to make Herodium
ostentatious. He built aqueducts from Solomon's Pools and imported
soil for the gardens to the heart of the desert.
After Herod's death, his son and heir Archelaus continued to
reside at Herodium. After Judea became a Roman republic, Herodium
served as the seat of the Roman governors.
With the outbreak of the great revolt against the Romans,
Herodium fell to the rebels, but they returned it without a fight
after Jerusalem fell in AD 70.
The team of archaeologists announced its findings in detail at a news conference
Yaakov Kalman, an archaeologist who participated in the
excavations, said that many pieces of sarcophagus were spread across
He said that the team of archaeologists are convinced that they
have found Herod's tomb, which was described by the first century
historian, Josephus Flavius.